MENU
Geography

Land area

in sq. km.  299,764 
islands total 7,107 
of which inhabited  860 

Main island groups

North  Luzon
Centre  Visayas
South  Mindanao
West  Palawan 

Distances (in km)

North - South  1,850 
East - West  965 
Coast line  36,289 

Highest point (in m)
Mount Apo 2,954

Climate

Zone and seasons 
Tropical maritime climate with a dry season from November to April (northeast monsoon) and a rainy season from May to October (southwest monsoon)

Temperatures

Average for the year  27 °C 
Annual fluctuations 21–32 °C 
Hottest month  May 
Coldest month  January


Religion

Catholics 83% 
Protestants  5% 
Muslims 5% 
Church of the Philippines 4% 
Other and atheists  3%

Population (in millions)
2002 
80.4 
2003 
82.3 
2004 
84.2 
2005 
86.2 
2006 
88.1

Major cities (in millions)

Manila (capital) 
11.5 
Cebu 
1.4 
Davao 
1.2 
Zamboanga 
0.6 
Cagayan de Oro 
0.5 
Bacolod 
0.5 m 
Iloilo 
0.4 m 


Age Structure

0–14 years 
35.8% 
15–29 years 
28.2% 
30–44 years 
19.4% 
45–59 years 
10.5% 
60 years and older 
6.1% 


Languages

Pilipino

(official language*)

55% 
Tagalog 
28% 
Cebuano 
24% 
Ilocano 
10% 
Hiligaynon 
9% 
Bicol 
6% 


*English is the second official language and is spoken fluently by the vast majority of the populations. A total of 988 different languages are officially registered in the Philippines